Dental Accidents in children
It is common for children to hit in the mouth when they are playing or sports. A dental injury can be to child knocking out a tooth completely, tooth loose, that a piece of the tooth is broken or that the tooth has been given a crack. Treatment depends partly on the extent of damage, and secondly on whether the tooth is permanent or a milk tooth.
If the child knocks out a permanent tooth to remove it completely you should contact a dentist or Cosmetic Dentist. The sooner the tooth is back in place, the greater the chances that it will heal well.
Most damage to the teeth heal without complications, but there is a risk that the new teeth waiting in the jaw under the gum injured in the accident.
You should try to bring back a permanent tooth knocked directly at the accident site, but first tooth cleaning. Take hold of the so-called coronal portion, which is the shorter and lighter part of the tooth. Rinse the tooth and tooth root especially in cold running water for about ten seconds. Do not touch the root of the tooth. Then gently push the tooth back in its place. Let the child bite on a handkerchief or similar, and seek immediate dental care.
An eliminated milk teeth should never be put back.
If it is not possible to replace the permanent tooth, you put it in regular milk in a mug as the baby spit saliva or saline. Part of a dental crown that consists of enamel and dentine to be added in tap water during transport to the dentist.
The dentist puts the tooth back and secure it in the teeth beside it with the help of so-called fixation wire. The wire must remain in one to three weeks.
It is common for children hit by a splinter or a piece of a tooth. If it hurts when your child chews or if the ice dentist can apply a protective coating or filling.
If a large piece of a permanent tooth knocked out, the dentist can try to glue the loose piece. On the way to the dentist, the tooth loose piece stored in tap water.
If the child turns into a tooth so that it has become somewhat looser tooth can usually be left.
When should you seek medical care?
You should always consult a dentist if a child sits in the mouth.
It is easy for small children to fall and injure their milk teeth. Often the accidents happening in the course of play or when the child learns to walk, run, bike or skate. At two to three years of age occur most accidents.
Tooth buds can also be damaged
Extent of the damage can vary, but the most common is that children hit by a piece of a tooth or turn in a tooth so that it is loose. Most damage to the teeth heal without problems, but there is a risk that the new permanent teeth waiting in the jaw under the gum can be damaged in the accident. The new tooth can have a stain or abnormal shape when it arrives, for example, the tooth may be bumpy. The risk is greater in more severe damage to the teeth and if the damage is done before the child is three years.
If a milk tooth has to be pulled out, there is some risk that the new teeth will come later, and it will be too crowded for them. This is because the jaw does not grow as much when it is no longer a milk tooth in place.
You should always consult a dentist if a child sits in the mouth. Sometimes it is unclear if the stroke has damaged teeth, a dentist may include using X-ray to assess the extent of damage.
A crack does not need to be treated
A crack in a milk tooth is an injury that usually does not cause any problems. It can be difficult to detect and appear differently in different light. It is often the child gets hurt or feel of the crack, and it does not need to be treated. It is also very rare complications afterwards.
If the child hit by a piece of a milk tooth
It is common for children hit by a splinter or a piece of a tooth. It can hurt when the baby chew and it can even ISA in the tooth. Since fillings not stick so well on an abandoned milk tooth, the dentist usually only grind the tooth if it is sharp, so that the child does not hurt himself on the tongue or lips. If the ice sheets in the tooth, the dentist can put a protective varnish or fluorine to alleviate. It seldom be any problems afterwards.
The innermost part of a tooth is called the pulp cavity and contains nerves and blood vessels. If a large piece of a milk tooth has been struck by the pulp can sometimes become visible. Then usually do really evil and the tooth must be pulled out.
Milk teeth that are loose
A common injury is that the child turns into a milk tooth so that it is loose. Sometimes the tooth is left in its original location, but the battle against tooth can also cause it to skew or pushed up into the jaw. It may also have pushed outward, but sitting still. Sometimes it can be the tooth’s root that has been turned off.
At the same injuries and bleeding that is painful and it is often difficult for the baby to eat. The dentist can assess the damage in various ways:
- In most cases, the tooth remain. During the first week after the accident, the child should get foods that are easy to chew. Dab the damaged tooth with gauze or a cotton swab with chlorhexidine. It is a solution that is bactericidal and can be purchased at pharmacies. It is good for children using a pacifier or suck her thumb to avoid doing it during this time.
- If the tooth is so bad that the child can not bite the bullet or dentist believes that there is a risk that the new tooth is damaged, have the tooth pulled out.
Sometimes darkens milk tooth afterwards
Sometimes a milk tooth was loose and then healed the shift in color and darken afterwards. The tooth, which often becomes grayish, should always be checked by a dentist, including using X-ray examining the tooth is not infected. In many cases removes discoloration itself, but it has developed an infection of the tooth must be pulled out. Otherwise, the infection can spread through the root and the jawbone.
If the child turns out a milk tooth
An eliminated milk teeth should never be put back. If the child has a lot of pain, you can give analgesic drugs containing acetaminophen, such Alvedon or drugs containing ibuprofen, such as Nurofen. The medicines come in different shapes and dose adjusted according to the child’s age or weight. There are instructions on the package.
Bicycle Accidents, sports and violence causes many dental injuries
Many dental injuries among children of school age in connection with sports and games. Also bicycle accidents and cases cause tooth damage. The ages between eight and ten years occurs most accidents.
Where do you turn?
If a child has damaged their permanent teeth, you can contact your dentist or dental clinic closest people.
Cracks in the permanent teeth do not need to be treated
A crack in the tooth is an injury that usually does not cause any problems. It can be difficult to detect and appear differently in different light. It is often the child gets hurt or feel of the crack, and it does not need to be treated. It is also very rare that it will be afterwards complications.
If the child hit by a piece of a permanent tooth
The most common injury is that the child hit by a piece of a tooth. It can hurt when the baby chew and it can even ISA in the tooth. Once you have found the refused dental piece should be stored in ordinary cold tap water until the child has come to the dentist. It should be done within two days.
Often, glue the loose piece in place. Tooth color and shape will be as before the accident. Another method is to build up the tooth back with a plastic filling, which is similar to the original tooth. Eventually, it may be necessary to replace the filling or glued to the tooth with a porcelain veneer or porcelain crown.
The innermost part of a tooth is called the pulp cavity and contains nerves and blood vessels. If a large piece of the permanent tooth has been struck by the pulp can sometimes become visible. Then make it hurt more. In order to alleviate and prevent tooth becomes infected pulp must be treated. Then glue the loose tooth out piece or tooth is built up with a plastic filling.
If a permanent tooth is loose
A common injury is that the child turns into a tooth so that it is loose. If the tooth remains in its original location usually heal without complications. But it bleeds and hurts and it is often difficult for the baby to eat.
Sometimes the battle against tooth cause it to skew or pushed up into the jaw. It may also have pushed outward, but sitting still. Even at these losses is bleeding and it hurts the gums are swollen and it is often difficult for the child to bite the bullet.
The dentist tries to move the tooth back to its original position and secure it in the teeth sitting next with the help of a so-called fixation wire. It is attached with plastic and must remain for two to three weeks.
If the child knocks out a permanent tooth
If the child knocks out a permanent tooth completely, try to reattach the tooth. The sooner the tooth is back in place, the greater the possibility that it is healing well. Milk teeth should not be put back.
A permanent tooth should if possible be put back in place already at the scene. Once you find the tooth, gently up by holding the tooth crown, which is the short bright part of the tooth. Do not touch the root of the tooth without rinsing gently under running cold tap water for about ten seconds. Then the tooth gently back into place. If the tooth does not come at absolutely the right place, the dentist can correct it later. The child can bite on a clean tissue or the like to stabilize the tooth. Then find dental care immediately.
If it is not possible to replace the tooth in its place already at the scene put it in ordinary milk. If that is not possible, the child spit saliva into a cup where the tooth is placed. You can also place the tooth in saline. You should avoid transporting the tooth in water as this can damage the sensitive cells at the root of the tooth. Then you should immediately contact a dentist. The child will need treatment as soon as possible and preferably not later than within a few hours for healing will be facilitated.
The dentist replacing the permanent tooth and attach the teeth next with the help of a so-called fixation wire. The wire is attached with plastic and allowed to sit for one to two weeks.
An eliminated permanent tooth must usually root canal . The treatment begins within one to two weeks after the accident.
What can you do yourself?
Dental Injuries usually makes evil and often the child has difficulty chewing afterwards. To ease you can give pain medication containing acetaminophen, such Alvedon, or drugs containing ibuprofen, such as Nurofen. The medicines come in different shapes and dose adjusted according to the child’s age or weight. There are instructions on the package.
It is good for the child in the near term after the accident to get food that is easy to chew.
The mouth also need to be rinsed regularly with chlorhexidine. It is a solution that is bactericidal and can be purchased at pharmacies. If the child finds it difficult to rinse your mouth, you can wash the affected area with a cotton swab or gauze.
Although it may seem difficult, it is important not to skip brushing during this time. The damaged teeth can be brushed with a particular toothbrush, for example a brush angular or mini toothbrush.
In some cases a damaged tooth permanently change color later. It may depend on various things and treated in different ways:
- If the tooth is pink, it depends on a bleeding inside the tooth. It goes away by itself.
- If the tooth is yellow is because a calcification inside the tooth. It does not need to be treated, but the yellow color will remain.
- If the tooth becomes gray, it may be because it is infected. The tooth is tender, may feel loose and sometimes looks further out. A gray discolored tooth to be examined by a dentist. Sometimes some gray discoloration disappear by itself, but if it is infected, the tooth root canal.
Sometimes when the child knocks out a permanent tooth, or receive a blow that makes the tooth moves from its original position, it will damage the tooth’s root that can not be treated. It does not help that the root canal tooth.The child will then after a few years of losing the tooth, which in due time can be replaced with a so-called implant or a bridge. In some cases, the damaged tooth is also replaced by the dentist moves one of the child’s own teeth to the place of the lost tooth. But usually made these solutions not until adulthood. If the child loses a tooth becomes early braces with a plastic dental solution until an implant may be inserted.
Mouthguard prevents injuries
Children and adolescents who are active in sports where the risk of damage to teeth, such as physical contact sports, and in sports with sticks, will use mouthguards.
Mouthguard is made of plastic and is produced after the dentist has taken an imprint of baby’s teeth. Mouthguard is available in different colors and are used in the upper jaw. It should be brushed with the toothpaste before and after use. Dental guard should be kept in water that must be changed at least once per week. If protection fails, it is best that a new manufactured.
In the beginning, it may feel awkward to use mouthguards, but most get used to it quickly. Mouthguard is especially important in adolescents with protruding front teeth.
The cost of dental protection may vary by county. Contact a dental clinic to get information about the rules in their own county.